干货 | 写好"读后续写"开篇的六大绝招
14 . 高考英语读后续写：这些细节描写素材，必须掌握！
howling( 嚎哭)，sob, weep, burst into tears, burst out crying. (ones eyes) brim with/be filled with tears
怕：horror, frightened, scared, speechless, in(a)panic, in a cold sweat, be filled with terror, rooted to the spot, freeze, ones knees feel weak, (hands)sweat
（动词）dance, jump/leap with joy, feel a surge of joy/ excitement, whistle, overcome with happiness/ delight /joy / excitement, (ones eyes) twinkle,(ones heart) beat/ pound wildly;
( 形容词）delighted, overjoyed, excited, thrilled, wild with joy
feel a surge of sadness, (sadness) surge within sb. , ones heart ache, overcome with sadness
生气、愤怒：felt/ get angry/furious, feel a surge of anger/rage/fury, eyes blaze, storm out of/into/off, storm/say angrily, sth. makes sb. s blood boil, sth. makes sb. extremely angry, clasp ones fists/teeth, sb. s blood is up
鼓起勇气：pluck up/take/gather/summon up ones courage
毫不犹豫：without even thinking, without delay, without hesitation, without a second thought
似乎：as if, seemingly, appear, seem
欣慰：breath a sigh of relief, sigh with relief, to ones relief
徒劳: in vain, no use, without success
茫然: at a loss, at sea, blankly, be lost in a fog
occur to, hit, strike, flash into ones mind, crowd in ones mind, dawn on
not long, shortly afterwards, before long, for an instant/moment
to ones surprise, strangely enough
realize, echo, linger, whisper in ones mind, down deep in ones heart
1. A lump came to his throat.
2. Her eyes were red from crying.
3. Her eyes brimmed with tears.
4. Tears coursed/trickled/streamed/ran down her cheeks.
1. She was too frightened to tell her family what had happened.
2. His heart was pounding, as if he were frightened.
3. Liza was so frightened that she couldnt make a sound.
4. I bowed my head timidly and dared not look at my fathers cloudy face.
5. My brain is blank. I just want to leave this horrible place.
1. When she knew. . .she felt excited/thrilled.
2. When she knew. . .her eyes twinkled with excitement.
3. When she knew. . . her heart was pounding with wild joy.
4. When she knew. . .a wild excitement took hold of her.
5. Knowing...she felt a surge of excitement.
1. A sadness came over her.
2. Her heart ached, tears streaming down her cheeks.
3. Numb with grief, she became speechless.
4. Feeling a surge of sadness, she couldnt help crying bitterly.
5. Sadness surging within her, she burst into tears.
1. Sam stood rooted to the spot, his eyes blazing with anger.
2. He felt so angry that he stormed out of the room, slamming the door furiously behind him.
3. Boiling with rage, he shook his fist at me.
4. Filled with fury, she was unable to utter a single word.
1. He summoned up his courage and lodged a protest with his father.
2. I finally plucked up the courage to ask her for. .
1. She could hardly wait to. . .
2. Hardly thinking/Without even thinking, he ran to. . .
1. It seemed as if/that someone was coming to save us.
2. Oftentimes our tears of remorse reveal a glimmer of hope.
3. A wave of relief flooded through me. . .
4. A wave of relief washed over him. . .1.ltsuddlyoccur1
1. But bad luck for me, I failed in my attempt to persuade her.
2. She closed her eyes tightly in a vain attempt to hold back the tears.
3. All our efforts were in vain.
4. She kept pacing, wondering what to do next.
5. With tears streaming down her face, she didnt know what to do next.
6. With tears streaming down her face, she was unsure of what to do next.
7. She was at a loss what to do.
8. He was in a dilemma about whether to do or not.
1. It suddenly occurred to him that...
2. It hit me that I had a choice.
3. A thought struck her that. . .
4. It dawned that. . .
5. An idea occurred/came to me that
6. A ludicrous thought/idea flashed/came through Harrys mind.
1. It didnt take long before. . .
2. It took some time before. . .
3. To my surprise enough, it turned out that...
倒装句：Not until+时间状语＋did sb. realize/notice that+从句
强调句：It was only+时间状语＋that sb. realized that+从句
1. Ones words echoed/rang out in ones ears.
2. Ones words/voice/lingered/whispered in ones mind/head
3. Ones head was still full of. . .
1. What a/an valuable/useful/great/painful lesson she taught me/I learned from her!
2. What a/an enjoyable/pleasant/wonderful/unforgettable/memorable/valuable experience I had!
3. Down deep in my heart, it was an interesting experience I had ever had.
Pumpkin( 南瓜）carving at Halloween is a family tradition. We visit a local farm every October. In the pumpkin field, I compete with my three brothers and sister to seek out the biggest pumpkin. My dadhas a rule that we have to carry our pumpkins back home, and as the eldest child I have an advantage — I carried an 85-pounder back last year.
This year, it was hard to tell whether my prize or the one chosen by my 14-year-old brother, Jason, was the winner. Unfortunately we forgot to weigh them before taking out their insides, but I was determined to prove my point. All of us were hard at work at the kitchen table, with my momfilming the annual event. I’m unsure now why I thought forcing my headinside the pumpkin would settle the matter, but it seemed to make perfect sense at the time.
With the pumpkin resting on the table, hole uppermost, I bent over and pressed my head against the opening. At first I got jammed just above my eyes and then, as I went on with my task, unwilling to quit, my nosebriefly prevented entry. Finally I managedto put my whole head into it, like a cork ( 软木塞) forced into a bottle. I was able to straighten up with the huge pumpkin resting on my shoulders.
My excitement was short-lived. The pumpkin was heavy. “I’m going to set it down, now,” I said, and with Jason helping to supportits weight, I bent back over the table to give it somewhere to rest. It was only when I tried to remove my head that I realized getting out was going to be less straightforward than getting in. When I pulledhard, my nose got in the way. I got into a panic as I pressed firmly against the table and moved my head around trying to find the right angle, but it was no use. “I can’t get it out!” I shouted, my voice sounding unnaturally loud in the enclosed space.
I was stuck for five or six minutes though it felt much longer .
That video was posted the day before Halloween .
I was stuck for five or six minutes though it felt much longer. My head span dizzily as if the world swirled. At my wits end, I felt a stab of fear. (“ 我”的情绪：慌张、无奈）“Dont panic! Papa, Papa, we need your help," Jason exclaimed. In time over came my father.(借助外界帮助）He embraced my neck and pulled back with strength while Jason pinned/pressed down the pumpkin.（一系列动作描写）It didnt work, though. (问题未解决）“Why not tear the pumpkin directly?" suddenly rang out mothers voice. ( 新 想 法) In a split second, a creak broke out overhead, followed by a ray of light, which I seemingly hadnt seen for ages. (问题得到解决）But what did I see? My mother was filming all the way. (衔接句）
That video was posted online the Monday before Halloween. To my surprise, soon my video was followed by a sea of likes, my mailbox flooded with similar stories. ( 衔接句）My big red nose and my sore chin became netizens favorite topic. A little embarrassed as I was, a wave of warmth welled up inside. (细节描写之我的心情）Then a good idea flashed across my mind. (想法）“Isnt it a good idea to share stories online to choose the funniest? " I told Jason, jumping with joy.（做法，为结局做铺垫）“Amazing! Lets call it Pumpkins Competition. "Jason giggled. (Jason的反应，照应开头）
- 情绪刻画 -
○ 高兴· Joy welled up inside her.
well 做名词时有“水井”的意思，up是“向上”的意思，想象一下，水井向上，不就是涌起吗~· She wore a shining smile on her face.
○ 恐惧· Fear slowly creeps upon her.
creep upon 悄悄爬上，袭来可以自由发挥，把fear替换成其他词，如：I felt a smile creep upon my face.· At the sight of the ferocious wolf, I froze with terror, too scared to move an inch.
○ 愤怒· His anger boiled over.
除了形容情绪愤怒，boil over还可以比喻事态的恶化，如：Racial tension finally boiled over in theinner city riots. 种族间的紧张状态最终演化成了市中心贫困区的暴乱。· He was fuming with rage.
Fuming with rage 还可做伴随状语，使描写更加生动，如：Fuming with rage, Hung said, " How doyou know I bully her?"
○ 绝望· Hearing the news, so desperate was he that he drowned sadness in wine.
借酒消愁drown sadness in wine· They were immersed in sorrow.
他们沉浸在悲痛之中。be immersed in 沉浸于
- 动作描写 -
· He took a firm grip of my arm and marched me towards the door.
take a firm grip /hold /grasp of... 紧抓;紧握
· I plucked up the courage to go out by myself.
pluck up the courage to do sth 鼓起勇气做...
· A loud scream shattered the silence.
shatter the silence=break the silence
- 环境描写 -
· The sky was a billion pure eyes of lightand the grass green underfoot, it was as if night and day had become onebeautiful moment. Dawn had come.
· A restaurant overlooking a starlit night sprang tomy imagination like something out of an illuminated manu from the lateMiddle Ages.
一个俯瞰星光灿烂的夜晚的餐馆，就像中世纪晚期一份被照亮的手稿中的某种东西一样，跃然于我的脑海。· One point, the faint sound of water tumbling through the valley.
- 冲突制造 -
The car abruptly stopped in front of him."Get into the car." Paul shouted at Mac. Mac jumped off the bike andslid into the car without delay as the wolf was just two steps away and wasabout to tear Mac into pieces. What a narrow escape!
But before we jumped off the horses, wefound that we had been off the beaten track and got lost. We had no idea wherewe were and it got dark. Exhausted and hungry, I wondered if we could find ourway back.
Mark is a studious boy who loves reading. His classmates often tease him for being too hardworking and they call him Mr.Smart. One afternoon, while studying at home…
The moment she saw how she did for her Science test,tears started welling up in Tina’s eyes and falling down her cheeks.
I closed my eyes to enjoy the gentle breeze and thesounds of the clashing waves. Gently opening my eyes, I saw my parents taking a relaxing stroll along the beach.